Pedestrians were one of the few groups of road users in the United States to experience an increase in fatalities in 2016, totaling 5,987 deaths.
[IN THIS VIDEO – A close call for this pedestrian crossing a well marked intersection. (15 seconds)]
Pedestrian Safety Statistics
In 2016 there were 5,987 pedestrians killed (Table 1) in traffic crashes in the United States. A total of 5,900 traffic crashes (Table 4) had one or more pedestrian fatalities. On average, a pedestrian was killed every 1.5 hours in traffic crashes.
In 2016 there were 5,987 pedestrians killed in traffic crashes, a 9-percent increase from the 5,495 pedestrian fatalities in 2016. (This is the highest number of pedestrians killed in one year since 1990.)
On average, a pedestrian was killed nearly every 1.5 hours in traffic crashes in 2016.
In 2016, pedestrian deaths accounted for 16 percent of all traffic fatalities.
Twenty-six percent of pedestrian fatalities occurred from 6 to 8:59 p.m. in 2016.
In 2016, one-fifth (20%) of the children 14 and younger killed in traffic crashes were pedestrians.
More than two-thirds (70%) of the pedestrians killed in traffic crashes were males in 2016.
Alcohol involvement—for the driver and/or the pedestrian—was reported in 48 percent of all fatal pedestrian crashes in 2016.
In 2016, 90 percent of the pedestrians killed were killed in single-vehicle traffic crashes.
One in five pedestrians killed in 2016 were struck in crashes that involved hit-and-run drivers.
More pedestrian fatalities occurred in urban areas (76%) than rural areas (24%).
Fewer pedestrian fatalities occurred at intersections (18%) than at non-intersections (72%); the remaining 10 percent occurred at other locations such as roadsides/shoulders, parking lanes/zones, bicycle lanes, sidewalks, medians/crossing islands, driveway accesses, shared-use paths/trails, non-traffic way areas, and other sites.
More occurred in the dark (75%) than in daylight (22%), dusk(2%), and dawn (1%).
Know the Basics—Pedestrian Safety
For DRIVERS – 9 Driving Safety Tips
- Look out for pedestrians everywhere, at all times. Safety is a shared responsibility.
- Use extra caution when driving in hard-to-see conditions, such as nighttime or bad weather.
- Slow down and be prepared to stop when turning or otherwise entering a crosswalk.
- Yield to pedestrians in crosswalks and stop well back from the cross-walk to give other vehicles an opportunity to see the crossing pedestrians so they can stop too.
- Never pass vehicles stopped at a crosswalk. There may be people crossing that you can’t see.
- Never drive under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.
- Follow the speed limit, especially around people on the street.
- Follow slower speed limits in school zones and in neighborhoods where children are present.
- Be extra cautious when backing up—pedestrians can move into your path.
For PEDESTRIANS – 10 Walking Safety Tips
- Be predictable. Follow the rules of the road and obey signs and signals.
- Walk on sidewalks whenever they are available.
- If there is no sidewalk, walk facing traffic and as far from traffic as possible.
- Keep alert at all times; don’t be distracted by electronic devices that take your eyes (and ears) off the road.
- Whenever possible, cross streets at crosswalks or intersections, where drivers expect pedestrians. Look for cars in all directions, including those turning left or right.
- If a crosswalk or intersection is not available, locate a well-lit area where you have the best view of traffic. Wait for a gap in traffic that allows enough time to cross safely; continue watching for traffic as you cross.
- Never assume a driver sees you. Make eye contact with drivers as they approach to make sure you are seen.
- Be visible at all times. Wear bright clothing during the day, and wear reflective materials or use a flashlight at night.
- Watch for cars entering or exiting driveways, or backing up in parking lots.
- Avoid alcohol and drugs when walking; they impair your abilities and your judgment.
Additional Information for Safety Advocates
If you’re an advocate of pedestrian safety, or perhaps you work on a State or local pedestrian program, the NHTSA provides additional curriculum and resources to equip you with the tools and information you need to effectively promote pedestrian safety.
#PedestrianSafety #DistractedDriving #W82txt #Dashcam